A Wine surety bond is a license and permit surety bond required by state and federal laws or regulations that govern the sale, manufacturing and warehousing of wine. It guarantees that the principal will pay the appropriate taxes from the sale, manufacture or warehousing of wine. Because these are often required by state Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agencies they are often called an ATF surety bond.
On the federal level, wine surety bonds are required by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau that goes for TTB as short. Thus, these are often lumped into the generic category know as a TTB surety bond.